https://ojs.jssr.org.pk/index.php/jssr/issue/feed Journal of Social Sciences Review 2022-07-14T06:38:23+00:00 Dr. Niaz Ali editorinchief@jssr.org.pk Open Journal Systems <p><span data-mce-mark="1">The<strong> Journal of Social Sciences Review (JSSR)</strong>, is an international peer-reviewed academic research journal published quarterly from volume 1, Issue 1, (April-June) 2021 to volume 2, Issue 1, (Jan-March) 2022. Now (from April 2022), the main responsibility of publishing has been taken by Nishtar Degree College and School System, Wari Dir Upper, with collaboration with the RMS and College. This is a multidisciplinary academic journal that focuses on social science miscellaneous, including but not limited to education, administration, public policy, management, psychology, philosophy, economics, and legal problems.</span></p> <p><span data-mce-mark="1">The Journal's primary goal is to disseminate reliable information, start a discussion in an interdisciplinary setting, and link various areas of social sciences with an emphasis on the study of cultures, attitudes, social and economic issues, businesses and societies, and recommendations for overcoming them based on primarily empirical and applied research.</span></p> <p>This multidisciplinary research journal accepts contributions from individuals or groups of researchers as research papers, essays, applicable theoretical structures, and reviews that have contributed to developing trustworthy and authentic information in the social sciences. Policymakers and professionals, including future public and private sector executives, opinions, and policymakers involved in research and development, are among the target audience.</p> <p>The JSSR also focuses on current research publishing philosophies, such as blind peer review, timely review, daily publication, open access policy, ethical policies, plagiarism policy, and broader field coverage. The Editorial and Advisory Boards are made up of some of the world's most renowned and accomplished academics and researchers in their fields.</p> <p>The authors' ideas and opinions expressed in the Journal's published research papers are solely their own. They have no bearing on the RMSC and Research Journal of Social Sciences Review (JSSR).</p> <p>For copyright and licensing, the Nishtar Degree College and School System and JSSR adopted an Open Access Policy. Researchers should properly cite the author(s), journal name, and publishing institution information to use or reproduce material from this website.</p> https://ojs.jssr.org.pk/index.php/jssr/article/view/35 A Study of School Culture in Secondary Schools of District Swat Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan 2022-07-14T06:38:23+00:00 Ali Zeb alamzebbs@gmail.com Alam Zeb alamzeb@uswat.edu.pk Atta Ullah atta.azlan@gmail.com <p>Schools’ culture is a key indicator for schools’ effectiveness and<br />overall activities of the school. Its influence is much more significant at the level<br />of secondary schools that are having the duty for the provision of quality<br />graduates to institutions of higher education and skilled people to the job<br />market. School culture consists of norms, beliefs, principles, rituals and<br />behaviors which designs the rules of thinking, feelings and action inside an<br />educational organization and ultimately influences school performance. Having<br />the significant role of school culture in the background, the study aimed to<br />investigate the school culture at secondary level. The objectives of the study<br />were; to investigate the schools’ culture at secondary level and recommend<br />strategies for the improvement of school culture in secondary schools. The<br />design of the study was quantitative descriptive survey. The population of the<br />study was 162 male heads of secondary schools in District Swat. The researcher<br />selected a sample of 118 heads through simple random sampling, developed a<br />Likert questionnaire, validated it and pilot tested for the determination of its<br />reliability. The data were gathered through self-administered questionnaires<br />from the respondents and analyzed with mean scores, standard deviation and<br />Chi-square test. The study found a positive school culture with clear chalked out<br />visions and missions, heads of the school took initiatives for achieving the vision<br />of schools, teachers themselves prepared the rules for functioning of the schools<br />and the head and teachers had collegiality for achieving schools’ visions. The<br />administration of the schools were ambitious, friendly and supportive for the<br />students, democratic in decision making, resolved the problems of teachers and<br />students and were competent enough to satisfy the needs of the schools,<br />teachers worked for the academic excellence of their students, regularly assessed<br />students’ academic progress, focused on co-curricular activities and observed<br />positive human relationship. It further forwarded recommendations for the<br />improvement of the school culture at secondary level.</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Copyright in the Journal of Social Sciences Review is retained by the author(s). Authors also grant any third party the right to use the article freely as long as its integrity is maintained and its original authors, citation details and publisher are identified. https://ojs.jssr.org.pk/index.php/jssr/article/view/33 Error Analysis in English Writing at Matric Level in the Secondary Schools of Tehsil Rustam 2022-07-05T07:16:37+00:00 Muhammad Hasnain k.hasnain941@gmail.com Farheen Farheenali68@gmail.com <p>The students at Matric level commit certain errors in English writing.<br />This research was conducted to find out the errors committed by the metric<br />students at Tehsil Rustam. A total of 60 students – top 20 students were selected<br />from the top three schools of Tehsil Rustam. They were given the task to write<br />on three topics namely “My school”, “My best friend” and “My favourite<br />teacher”. To analyze the errors of the students, the researcher applied “Darus<br />et al model of Error analysis theory”. The errors of the students were categorized<br />and put into bar charts and pie charts. The researcher noted that the errors<br />committed by these students are partly due to the effect of first language (L1) on<br />second language (L2) and partly due to word by word translation either from<br />the mother tongue (Pashto) or the national language (Urdu) to English.</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Copyright in the Journal of Social Sciences Review is retained by the author(s). Authors also grant any third party the right to use the article freely as long as its integrity is maintained and its original authors, citation details and publisher are identified. https://ojs.jssr.org.pk/index.php/jssr/article/view/34 Investigating the Role of Professional Development Interventions in the Development of Teaching Skills Among Primary School Teachers of District Swat Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan 2022-07-14T06:35:03+00:00 Alam Zeb alamzeb@uswat.edu.pk Nasreen Begum alamzebbs@gmail.com Atta Ullah atta.azlan@gmail.com <p>Primary education is the foundation for future education of children and teachers at this level are faced with the challenging task of shaping the potentials of young children in the right direction for creating the sound foundations of their future education. Hence, these teachers need to be much more dynamic and competent for fulfilling their uphill task. Therefore, the study aims to investigate the role of professional development interventions in the development of teaching skills among primary school teachers of district Swat, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. The objectives of the study were to; find out professional development interventions arranged for the teaching skills development of primary school teachers and investigate the role of professional development interventions in the development of teaching skills among primary school teachers. The population of the study was 2173 primary school teachers of District Swat. A sample of 348 participants was randomly selected for the study. A Likert scale questionnaire was developed, validated and pilot tested for data collection. The data were collected through self-administered questionnaire and analyzed with frequencies, percentages and chi square test of significance. The study found out the professional development interventions of the British Council Training for Teaching Skills of Teachers, Induction Training for newly recruited Teachers and CPD trainings for the development of teaching skills among primary school teachers and demonstrated the development in the skills of pedagogy, content, classroom management skills, communication skills, use of ICTs and assessment skills and practices among primary school teachers. The study further recommended the arrangement of need analysis, use of standard criteria and collaboration of stake holders for the professional development interventions of teachers.</p> 2022-09-09T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Copyright in the Journal of Social Sciences Review is retained by the author(s). Authors also grant any third party the right to use the article freely as long as its integrity is maintained and its original authors, citation details and publisher are identified. https://ojs.jssr.org.pk/index.php/jssr/article/view/31 Exploring Double Consciousness: Capitalist Attitude and White Supremacy in Drama Serial Parizaad 2022-07-05T07:25:34+00:00 Shafqat Hussain shafqat98hussain@gmail.com <p>The current research study explores the suffering of double<br />consciousness in the character of Parizaad in Pakistani Urdu drama serial,<br />Parizaad. It is a story which unfolds Marxist, racist and sociological themes.<br />However, the researcher has utilized a non-empirical Textual Analysis<br />Method of research along with following the concept of double consciousness<br />by Du Bois as a theoretical framework for analyzing the drama serial to<br />explore the research objective. The framework argues that black people are<br />behaved racially which causes inferiority complex, second-sight and twoness<br />in them. Similarly, the analysis of the drama serial in this research study<br />manifested that Pakistani brown people, following white legacy of racism,<br />consider themselves superior to their fellow blackish people. Also, the power<br />of money is dominant, and such socio-economic factors cause double<br />consciousness in the character of blackish-skin Parizaad.</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Copyright in the Journal of Social Sciences Review is retained by the author(s). Authors also grant any third party the right to use the article freely as long as its integrity is maintained and its original authors, citation details and publisher are identified. https://ojs.jssr.org.pk/index.php/jssr/article/view/30 THE ROLE OF ACCOUNTABILITY ENVIRONMENTS ON EMPLOYEE EFFORT AND PERFORMANCE 2022-03-26T02:54:43+00:00 Ghulam Muhammad ghulammuhammad2248@gmail.com <p>The function of accountability in the workplace is studied in this paper. The requirement to justify or defend one's behavior in front of an evaluator with possible reward or sanction ability is characterized as accountability (Frink &amp; Klimoski, 1998). While there is a growing body of study on employee accountability, more attention has to be paid to understanding how the accountability situation at work influences employee effort and performance. The relationship between the characteristics of the accountability environment, employee effort, and performance is empirically supported in this research. Management implications and future research are discussed.</p> <p><em>Keywords</em>: Accountability, employ efforts, performance, Pakistan, secondary schools</p> 2022-09-09T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Copyright in the Journal of Social Sciences Review is retained by the author(s). Authors also grant any third party the right to use the article freely as long as its integrity is maintained and its original authors, citation details and publisher are identified.