The Geostrategic Significance of China's Engagement in Pakistan: A Regional Outlook


  • Awais Ahmad Durrani M.Phil. Scholar, Department of Political Science, Abdul Wali Khan University, Mardan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.



China-Pakistan Relations, Geostrategic Significance, Military Collaboration, Economic Cooperation, Regional Outlook


China's strategic engagement with Pakistan has become a focal point in global geopolitics, reflecting a profound shift in regional power dynamics. This article examines the geostrategic significance of China's involvement in Pakistan within a regional context, aiming to unravel the multifaceted dimensions of this strategic partnership and its implications for South Asia's geopolitical landscape. The historical backdrop of China-Pakistan relations, dating back to the 1950s, sets the stage for a robust partnership characterized by economic cooperation, military collaboration, and shared geopolitical objectives. Economic cooperation, exemplified by the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC), aims to reshape Pakistan's economic landscape through infrastructure development and industrial collaboration. Moreover, military and defense cooperation underscores the shared security concerns between China and Pakistan, with joint exercises and arms sales reflecting their strategic alignment. This partnership has implications for regional security dynamics, particularly in relation to India and Afghanistan, shaping the broader geostrategic landscape of South Asia. Beyond bilateral relations, China's engagement in Pakistan influences regional responses and reactions, with neighboring countries like India, Afghanistan, and Iran navigating the evolving geopolitical dynamics. The study contributes valuable insights into the interplay between global powers and regional actors, shedding light on the evolving strategic landscape of South Asia and its implications for regional stability and security.


Ali S. M. (2020). China’s belt and road vision: Geoeconomics and geopolitics. Springer.

Ali, F. H., & Qazi, A. A. (2018). Exploring the awareness of China Pakistan Economic Corridor: A stakeholder's perspective. South Asian Studies, 33(1), 107–116.

Anwar, S. U., Zhang, W., Shah, S. Q., Ullah, Q., Amir, S. M., & Syed, A. (2022). The resilient economic impact of CPEC and future of MNCs: Evidence from Pakistan. Frontiers in Environmental Science, 10.

Brunner H. (2013). What is economic corridor development, and what can it achieve in Asia’s subregions? ADB Working Paper Series on Regional Economic Integration, 117.

Carrillo, F. J. (2004). Capital cities: A taxonomy of capital accounts for knowledge cities. Journal of Knowledge Management, 8(5), 28–46.

Fayyaz, M. (2019). China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC): The Road to Indian Ocean and its Geopolitical implications for the India-Pakistan Strategic Relations. International Journal of Educational Research and Studies, 1(1), 14-22.

Flint, C., & Zhu, C. (2019). The geopolitics of connectivity, cooperation, and hegemonic competition: The Belt and Road Initiative. Geoforum, 99, 95–101.

Hameed, H. B., Ali, Y., & Khan, A. U. (2020). Regional Development through Tourism in Balochistan under the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor. Journal of China Tourism Research, 18(1), 1–19.

Hussain, S., Sohail, A., Yu, C., Manzoor, S., & Zahid, A. (2020). China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC’s) socio-economic impacts on Pakistan. International Journal of Management & Entrepreneurship Research, 2(6), 416-436.

Javaid, U., & Javaid, R. (2016). Strengthening Geo-strategic Bond of Pakistan and China through Geo-Economic Configuration. Pakistan Economic and Social Review, 54(1), 123–142.

Kanwal, S., Pitafi, A. H., Pitafi, A., Nadeem, M., Younis, A., & Ren, C. (2019). China–Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) development projects and entrepreneurial potential of locals. Journal of Public Affairs, 19(4).

Khalid, M. (2021, November 30). Pakistan-China relations in a changing geopolitical environment – NUS Institute of South Asian Studies (ISAS).

Majeed, T., Anwar, Z., & Bashir, F. (2023). CPEC: Pakistan and China’s joint step towards a shared destiny. Asian Journal of Comparative Politics, 8(2), 547–557.

Malik, A. R. (2018). The China–Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC): A Game Changer for Pakistan’s Economy. In B. R. Deepak (Ed.), China's Global Rebalancing and the New Silk Road (pp. 69-83). Singapore: Springer Singapore.

Muzaffar, M. Shah, S.T. A. & Yaseen, Z. (2018). Pax Sinica in Asia: China's Emergent Geopolitics of Economic Corridors and Dream of Leadership. Global Political Review, III(I), 101-109,

Rahman, M. S., & Ahamed, A. (2020). A Critical Review on Sino-South Asian Economic Relations in the Context of Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). International Journal of Social Sciences and Management, 7(3), 94- 104.

Rawan, B., Hussain, S., & Khurshid, A. (2018). Media framing and foreign policy: A case study of the coverage of Sino-Pak relations in global media. Dialogue, 13(3), 286.

Salik. M. S. (2018) China-Pakistan Economic Corridor: A Perspective from Pakistan. Asian Journal of Middle Eastern and Islamic Studies, 12(2), 142-154.

Shah, S. Z., & Anwar, Z. (2022). Historical Background Of China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC). Pak. Journal of Int’L Affairs, 5(2), 1706-1723.

Siddiqi, D. F. (2018). CPEC and Geo-Politico-Economic Trends of the Region: An Appraisal. Islamabad Policy Research Institution (IPRI).

Tsang, M. C. (2000). Education and National Development in China since 1949: Oscillating Policies and Enduring Dilemmas. China Review, 579–618.




How to Cite

Durrani, A. A. (2023). The Geostrategic Significance of China’s Engagement in Pakistan: A Regional Outlook. Journal of Social Sciences Review, 3(4), 1–10.