Conflict of Interest

COIR (Conflict of Interest in Research) — JSSR's Path to Transparency

COI refers to a situation in which academic practice's reputation, especially science, maybe harmed or perceived as being harmed by financial or other interests. When a secondary interest distorts or has the potential to distort an immediate interest decision, it is called a conflict of interest. Furthermore, a professional's decision does not have to be biased for the researcher to have a conflict of interest; the mere existence of a conflict of interest is unethical. COI is described as something that can cause a split loyalty — or the appearance of one — between the researcher, the organization, and the people participating in the study. A situation in which circumstances generate a risk that a researcher's professional decisions or behavior about a primary interest [academic integrity, employee gain, and societal responsibility] would be unduly influenced by a secondary interest [financial, professional, and personal benefits] are unduly influenced by a secondary interest [financial, professional, and personal benefits]. Interests can be divided into two categories: financial and commitment disputes.

Personal relationships, associations, family, friends, relationships, and other close personal links; ideological/beliefs such as religious/political that is relevant to the work; academics such as competitors or someone whose work is critiqued; affiliation, i.e., employment, on the advisory board for, or a member of an organization with interest in the outcome of the work; financial interests in the outcome of the work.

For Authors

All manuscripts for articles, original research papers, editorials, commentary, critiques, book reviews, and letters sent to the journal must include a conflict of the interest disclosure statement or a declaration by the authors that they have no conflicts of interest to disclose. This conflict of the interest disclosure statement or a statement that the authors have responded that they have no conflicts of interest to report must accompany all papers published in the journal. If an unsigned editorial is published in a journal, it should not have been written by someone who has a conflict of interest. To make this policy easier to implement, all authors must privately report "ALL" possible conflicts of interest to the journal editors at the time of submission. Both financial and non-financial interests, as well as relationships with other organizations, are included. Authors should also report to the editors any conflicts of interest that might have affected the conduct or presentation of the study, such as close relationships with those who may benefit or be harmed by the publication, academic interests and rivalries, and any intimate, religious, or political convictions related to the topic at hand. The writers must provide a draft statement disclosing any possible conflicts of interest and affiliations in the report.

Editors and reviewers should read this.

When editors and reviewers have a recent/current publication or submission with the author, they must reject/decline to be associated with the submission. Share or recently shared affiliations with the author, work with the author, have close relationships with the author or a financial interest/gain, or feel unable to be impartial. Knowledge obtained by dealing with manuscripts cannot be used for personal benefit by editorial staff. In the 'Confidential' portion of the review form, reviewers must declare any remaining interests, which the editor may accept. Any conflict of interest that can influence their review work must be declared by the reviewer(s). If a reviewer has a conflict of interest, they must inform the editorial committee of their inability to review a specific research article. Editors and peer reviewers should report any potential conflicts of interest that could impair their ability to present or review work critically. These may include relevant financial interests and personal, political, or religious interests, as well as detailed explanations of all parties' roles and responsibilities in avoiding and managing COIs.


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