Journal of Social Sciences Review http://ojs.jssr.org.pk/index.php/jssr <p><span data-mce-mark="1">The<strong> Journal of Social Sciences Review (JSSR)</strong>, is an international peer-reviewed academic research journal published quarterly from volume 1, Issue 1, (April-June) 2021 to volume 2, Issue 1, (Jan-March) 2022. Now (from April 2022), the main responsibility of publishing has been taken by Nishtar Degree College and School System, Wari Dir Upper, with collaboration with the RMS and College. This is a multidisciplinary academic journal that focuses on social science miscellaneous, including but not limited to education, administration, public policy, management, psychology, philosophy, economics, and legal problems.</span></p> <p><span data-mce-mark="1">The Journal's primary goal is to disseminate reliable information, start a discussion in an interdisciplinary setting, and link various areas of social sciences with an emphasis on the study of cultures, attitudes, social and economic issues, businesses and societies, and recommendations for overcoming them based on primarily empirical and applied research.</span></p> <p>This multidisciplinary research journal accepts contributions from individuals or groups of researchers as research papers, essays, applicable theoretical structures, and reviews that have contributed to developing trustworthy and authentic information in the social sciences. Policymakers and professionals, including future public and private sector executives, opinions, and policymakers involved in research and development, are among the target audience.</p> <p>The JSSR also focuses on current research publishing philosophies, such as blind peer review, timely review, daily publication, open access policy, ethical policies, plagiarism policy, and broader field coverage. The Editorial and Advisory Boards are made up of some of the world's most renowned and accomplished academics and researchers in their fields.</p> <p>The authors' ideas and opinions expressed in the Journal's published research papers are solely their own. They have no bearing on the RMSC and Research Journal of Social Sciences Review (JSSR).</p> <p>For copyright and licensing, the Nishtar Degree College and School System and JSSR adopted an Open Access Policy. Researchers should properly cite the author(s), journal name, and publishing institution information to use or reproduce material from this website.</p> Nishtar Degree College and School System Previously upto V.2 Issue 1 was The Rustam Model School & College (Rustam Mardan) en-US Journal of Social Sciences Review 2789-441X <p>SSR's Editorial Board shares the vision of providing free access to information, education, and science for everyone, thus promoting its content through an <strong>OPEN ACCESS POLICY, </strong>fulfilling the <strong>DOAJ</strong> definition of open access. The JSSR adheres to an <strong>Open Access and Copyright Licensing Policy</strong> based on the belief that making research freely accessible to the public promotes greater global knowledge sharing.</p> <p><span data-mce-mark="1">The JSSR uses the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. The authors who apply and publish in JSSR consent to abide by the copyright policy set out in the Creative Commons 4.0 license <strong>(Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International license). </strong></span></p> <ul> <li>Copyright in the Journal of Social Sciences Review is retained by the author(s).</li> <li>Authors also grant any third party the right to use the article freely as long as its integrity is maintained and its original authors, citation details and publisher are identified.</li> </ul> <p><span data-mce-mark="1"><strong>While</strong><em> "By 'open access' to this literature, we mean its free availability on the public internet, permitting any users to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of these articles, crawl them for indexing, pass them as data to software, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without financial, legal, or technical barriers other than those inseparable from gaining access to the internet itself."</em></span></p> A Revolutionist Analysis of The Thirty-Year Authoritarian Rule of Hosni Mubarak in Egypt http://ojs.jssr.org.pk/index.php/jssr/article/view/396 <p><em>This study aims to analyze the Egyptian revolution and the subsequent overthrow of the long-standing authoritarian leader, Hosni Mubarak. The text emphasizes the youth of Egypt's part in changing the dictatorship to establish democracy in the country. This paper emphasizes the reasons that motivated the Egyptians to leave their homes and overthrow Hosni Mubarak. The investigation also includes the excessive use of authority by state officials to suppress protests. This research also examines the involvement of the military and other law enforcement agencies during the revolution. The text delves into the utilization of social media during the protests and its role in disseminating information about the events. This document briefly discusses the previous authoritarian leaders of Egypt, including Hosni Mubarak. The text also delves into the strategies employed by authoritarian regimes to extend their reigns.</em></p> Syed Umair Jalal Copyright (c) 2024 Copyright in the Journal of Social Sciences Review is retained by the author(s). Authors also grant any third party the right to use the article freely as long as its integrity is maintained and its original authors, citation details and publisher are identified. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-03-31 2024-03-31 4 1 1 8 10.54183/jssr.v4i1.396 An Overview of the Development and Impact of MBA Programs in Pakistan http://ojs.jssr.org.pk/index.php/jssr/article/view/397 <p><em>This article discusses Pakistan's MBA program development and impact. The report examines Pakistan's MBA education from its beginnings to its widespread adoption. Through academic sources, institution data, and industry interviews, this is achieved. MBA programs are driven by globalization, the company's need for managerial skills, and government efforts to boost higher education. The essay also covers Pakistani business schools' MBA programs, instructional methods, and accreditation systems. This study examines how MBA education affects students, employers, and society. The study uses qualitative and quantitative approaches to examine how Master of Business Administration degrees affect employment opportunities, managerial abilities, and socioeconomic situations. This paper analyzes Pakistani MBA schools' quality assurance, instructor shortage, and industry alignment issues. The study also examines how digitization, sustainability, and entrepreneurship may affect MBA education. This article discusses the impact of MBA programs on Pakistan's corporate environment and the purpose of increasing human capital. Research, collaboration, and creativity are essential to keeping MBA education relevant and effective in changing socioeconomic conditions, according to the statement.</em></p> Wasi Ullah Copyright (c) 2024 Copyright in the Journal of Social Sciences Review is retained by the author(s). Authors also grant any third party the right to use the article freely as long as its integrity is maintained and its original authors, citation details and publisher are identified. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-03-31 2024-03-31 4 1 9 17 10.54183/jssr.v4i1.397 Exploring Students’ Personality Type Through MBTI: A Case Study of University of Swabi http://ojs.jssr.org.pk/index.php/jssr/article/view/398 <p><em>The present study carried out to identify the students’ personality type at university of Swabi. Objectives of the study were to explore the students’ personality types at university of Swabi and to examine the more frequent type of students’ personality. All undergraduate students studying in the colleges of Education affiliated with University of Swabi constituted the population of the study. Out of total population, 5 students were selected through random sampling technique. To collect data from the respondents, a closed ended questionnaire MBTI containing 70 items based on 2 points scale with the consultation of the supervisor in relation to the objective of the subject. Findings of the study concluded that half of the respondents were extrovert and half of the respondents were introvert. Majority of the respondents were intuitive associated with intuitive and sensing type. Half of the subjects were thinking type and other half were feeling type personality. Greater number of participants having perceiving personality type. It was recommended that the similar study might be replicated at elementary level. The study might be replicated on exploring personality type in other departments of university of Swabi.</em></p> Samina Noreen Naz Copyright (c) 2024 Copyright in the Journal of Social Sciences Review is retained by the author(s). Authors also grant any third party the right to use the article freely as long as its integrity is maintained and its original authors, citation details and publisher are identified. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-03-31 2024-03-31 4 1 18 28 10.54183/jssr.v4i1.398 The Dilemma of Free Speech: Confrontations and Restrictions in Pakistan http://ojs.jssr.org.pk/index.php/jssr/article/view/399 <p><em>In Pakistan, the pursuit of freedom of expression encounters a complex landscape marked by aspirations for an open society and significant challenges and restrictions. This article explores the multifaceted dilemma of free speech in Pakistan, addressing the tensions between individual liberties, societal norms, political interests, and security concerns. Legal constraints, particularly blasphemy laws and defamation statutes, hinder free expression, while political dynamics, including authoritarian governance and the influence of religious extremism, exacerbate confrontations and restrictions. Journalists face threats and harassment, and the digital sphere is subject to increased censorship. Societal attitudes rooted in religious conservatism, honor culture, and patriarchal structures perpetuate self-censorship and conformity. Despite these challenges, voices of resistance persist, including civil society organizations and human rights activists advocating for pluralism and accountability. The research aims to analyze the legal, political, social, and cultural factors shaping the dilemma of free speech in Pakistan, highlighting the need to address root causes, foster dialogue, and promote tolerance for progress towards a more open and inclusive society.</em></p> Aftab Ahmad Copyright (c) 2024 Copyright in the Journal of Social Sciences Review is retained by the author(s). Authors also grant any third party the right to use the article freely as long as its integrity is maintained and its original authors, citation details and publisher are identified. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-03-31 2024-03-31 4 1 29 36 10.54183/jssr.v4i1.399 Terrorism and Insurgency in the Tribal Areas: Investigating the Historical Roots and Dynamics of Terrorism and Insurgency in Pakistan's Tribal Regions http://ojs.jssr.org.pk/index.php/jssr/article/view/400 <p><em>This research delves deeply into the origins and evolving dynamics of various regions in Pakistan, presenting a nuanced and intricate image shaped by diverse elements and social intricacies. The interplay between global developments and inherent complexities has given rise to a milieu fraught with persistent challenges. These regions, steeped in historical tribal traditions, have experienced pronounced instability, exacerbated by pivotal events such as the Soviet-Afghan War. The study systematically investigates the transformative journey of terrorism and insurgency, scrutinizing the contributing variables. The primary objective of this paper is to furnish readers with a comprehensive understanding of the factors underpinning terrorism and insurgency in Pakistan's tribal areas. It accomplishes this by delving into historical events, cultural components, and geopolitical influences that have intricately woven the tumultuous past of the region.</em></p> Mohsin Azhar Shah Copyright (c) 2024 Copyright in the Journal of Social Sciences Review is retained by the author(s). Authors also grant any third party the right to use the article freely as long as its integrity is maintained and its original authors, citation details and publisher are identified. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-03-31 2024-03-31 4 1 37 45 10.54183/jssr.v4i1.400