The Impact of Socio-economic Status on Academic Achievement


  • Javeria Munir M.Phil. Psychology, Student Counselor, Saudi Arabia.
  • Mehreen Faiza PhD Scholar (Sociology), Department of Sociology, University of Peshawar, KP, Pakistan.
  • Bakht Jamal PhD Scholar (Education), Department of Teacher Education, Faculty of Education, International Islamic University, Islamabad, Pakistan.
  • Sana Daud Educational Counsellor/Trainer, Future Training and Services Center, Abu Dhabi, UAE.
  • Khurshed Iqbal Associate Professor, Department of Management Sciences, University College of Zhob (UCoZ) Campus, BUITEMS, Balochistan, Pakistan.



Socio-economic, Academic Achievement, Parental Involvement, School Resources, Achievement Gap, Educational Interventions


This study analyzes how Socio-economic status (SES) affects student academic performance. The study examines how Socio-economic background affects academic performance. This study can help explain how SES affects academic achievement and guide educational policy and actions to close achievement inequalities.300 varied secondary school pupils was sampled. Parental income, education, and occupation were used to calculate Socio-economic status. Standardized tests and GPAs measured academic performance. Data analysis used correlation and regression analysis. The regression study explored how SES predicted academic outcomes while adjusting for other factors like family engagement and school resources. Correlation analysis examined the relationship between SES and academic achievement. The Socio-economic position appears to affect academic performance. Higher-Socio-economic students fare better academically. However, parental participation and school resources may buffer the SES-academic achievement association. This study suggests focused treatments for low-income students. Policymakers and educators may reduce the achievement gap and promote fair education by understanding how Socio-economic status affects academic performance.


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How to Cite

Munir, J., Faiza, M., Jamal, B., Daud, S., & Iqbal, K. (2023). The Impact of Socio-economic Status on Academic Achievement. Journal of Social Sciences Review, 3(2), 695–705.