An Evaluation of Early Childhood Education at Provincial Level: Policies, Practices, Issues, and Challenges in Baluchistan

Authors

  • Shazia Hameed Ph.D. Scholar, Educational Leadership & Management (ELM), Department of Education, Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto Institute of Science & Technology, Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan.
  • Naeem Akhtar Assistant Professor, Department of Education, Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto Institute of Science & Technology, Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.54183/jssr.v3i2.301

Keywords:

Education, Early Education, ECCE, Challenges

Abstract

The topic of this literature review article is "ECCE Policy and Practice in Baluchistan". The article aims to critically analyze the existing policy framework and ECCE practices in Baluchistan and identify improvement opportunities. It provides recommendations and strategies for increasing parental and community involvement in ECCE programs. Overall, the article aims to provide insights and recommendations for improving the quality of ECCE services in Baluchistan based on a thorough review and analysis of existing literature. It involves conducting a comprehensive search for relevant literature on ECCE policy and practice in Baluchistan, evaluating the quality and credibility of the sources, synthesizing the information, and identifying common themes, issues, and challenges related to the topic. The review and analysis of existing literature also involve analyzing the strengths and weaknesses of the existing policy framework and ECCE practices in Baluchistan, evaluating the impact of ECCE services on child development and future education, and providing recommendations and strategies for improving the quality of ECCE services in Baluchistan based on the findings from the literature review. Overall, the review and analysis of existing literature is a crucial aspect of this article as it provides a comprehensive understanding of ECCE policy and practice in Baluchistan and informs recommendations for improvement.

References

Arshad, M., & Zamir, S. (2023). Situational analysis of early childhood education in Pakistan: Challenges and solutions. JECCE, 2. https://doi.org/10.30971/jecce.v2i.505

Ahmad, M. (2011). Early childhood education in Pakistan: An international slogan waiting for national attention. Contemporary Issues in Early Childhood, 12(1), 86-93. https://doi.org/10.2304/ciec.2011.12.1.86

Akhtar, N., Tanweer, S., Khaskheli, F. A., & Khaskheli, N. A. (2022). Challenges In Implementation Of Educational Policies In Pakistan. Journal of Positive School Psychology, 6(8), 8385-8395.

Alam, J., Ashraf, M. A., Tsegay, S. M., & Shabnam, N. (2022). Early childhood between a rock and a hard place: Early childhood education and students’ disruption in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, Pakistan. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19(8), 4486. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19084486

Malik, S. S., & Asghar, Z. (2021). Provision of Physical Facilities for Pre-Primary education in Public Schools of Punjab (Pakistan). Journal of Elementary Education, 30(2), 67–81. http://journals.pu.edu.pk/journals/index.php/jee/article/view/2465/2128

Baig, S., & Funer, K. (2022). The state of value education in early childhood: The challenges and opportunities for Pakistan. The Journal of Values-Based Leadership, 15(2). https://doi.org/10.22543/1948-0733.1411

Draper, C., Cook, C., Howard, S., Makaula, H., Merkley, R., Mshudulu, M., Tshetu, N., & Scerif, G. (2022). Caregiver perspectives of risk and protective factors influencing early childhood development in low-income, urban settings: A social ecological perspective. https://doi.org/10.31234/osf.io/jquga

Hussain, A., Malik, M. A., & Ali, H. (2022). Utility of early childhood education resource rooms in Pakistani public schools: Analysis of teachers’ perspectives. Review of Education, Administration & Law, 5(2), 137-147. https://doi.org/10.47067/real.v5i2.225

Javaid, J., & Inam, A. (2015). Learning Environment in Early Childhood Education Centers of Lahore. IOSR Journal of Research & Method in Education Ver. II, 5(3), 2320-7388.

Khan, M. A. (2018). The status of early childhood education in Pakistan: Inside stories. Contemporary Issues in Early Childhood, 19(3), 310-317. https://doi.org/10.1177/1463949118757049

Malik, S. (2021). Parental involvement in early childhood education in Punjab: A qualitative study. Revista Gestão Inovação e Tecnologias, 11(3), 785-797. https://doi.org/10.47059/revistageintec.v11i3.1975

Malik, S. A. I. M. A., Asghar, M. Z., & Khalid, L. A. I. L. A. (2021). Implementation of National Early Childhood Education Curriculum in Punjab: A Qualitative Study. International Review of Social Sciences, 9(6), 13-22.

Malik, S., Sultana, R., & Malik, M. (2022). The Successes and Challenges of an Early Childhood Education Program in Punjab: A Qualitative Case Study. VFAST Transactions on Education and Social Sciences, 10(2), 97-102. https://vfast.org/journals/index.php/VTESS/article/view/1008/924

Mangrio, I. A., & Tabassum, S. (2020). Early Childhood Care and Education in Sindh: Comparative Analysis With Punjab and KPK. New Horizons, 14(2), 75.

Nisa, G., & Nasir, M. (2019). Causes of Primary Level Dropout in Balochistan District Jaffarabad. Pakistan Study Centre, 10(2), 337-349.

Nabi, G. (2018). Dropouts in Early Childhood Education in Rural Sindh: Reasons and Implications (Doctoral dissertation, INSTITUTE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT).

Naz, F., & Parveen, Z. (2021). Making Learning Visible: Role of Parents in Enhancing the Quality of Teaching at Montessori Level. JECCE, 5(2). https://doi.org/10.30971/jecce.v5i2.426

Nazir, N., Shah, N. H., & Zamir, S. (2022). An analytical study of early childhood education facilities in public and private sector schools in Azad Jammu & Kashmir. Journal of Early Childhood Care and Education (JECCE), 5(2). https://doi.org/10.30971/jecce.v6i1.400

Nasir, M., Khurshid, R., & Zia, A. (2022). Developing Critical Thinking Skills in Early Years through Early Childhood Care and Education. JECCE, 6(2). https://doi.org/10.30971/jecce.v6i2.667

Rehman, M. A., John, S. ., & Latif, Q. (2022). Early Childhood Program for Pre-Primary Teachers of Karachi: Challenges and Opportunities. Human Nature Journal of Social Sciences, 3(3), 346–360. Retrieved from http://hnpublisher.com/ojs/index.php/HNJSS/article/view/150

Shah, N. Q., Rafique, N. S., Shah, N. Q., & Bano, N. S. (2022). Exploration of teachers’ teaching practices of Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE) utilize in different contexts; A literature Review. Sukkur IBA Journal of Educational Sciences and Technologies, 2(1), 1–18. https://doi.org/10.30537/sjest.v2i1.1040

Shah, K., Ahmad, N., & Khan, N. (2019). Analysis of national education policies: issues and challenges in Pakistan and development of science education. Strength for Today and Bright Hope for Tomorrow, 19(11), 77-85.

Sohil, F., Niaz, U., Rahmani, E. K., & Sohail, M. U. (2022). Early Childhood Education: The Social and Cultural Consequences. Journal of Positive School Psychology, 6(11), 2370-2379.

Syed, S. Z., Asif, M., & Yousaf, A. (2011). Rethinking ECE in Pakistan. Journal of Elementary Education, 21(2), 65-76.

Tahira, S. S., Ali, M. S., Latif, T., Iqbal, S., & Jalal, H. (2021). Practices of Early Childhood Education and Development: Challenges and Issues in Pakistan. Ilkogretim Online, 20(3), 2210-2219. https://doi.org/10.17051/ilkonline.2021.03.257

Downloads

Published

2023-06-30

How to Cite

Hameed, S., & Akhtar, N. (2023). An Evaluation of Early Childhood Education at Provincial Level: Policies, Practices, Issues, and Challenges in Baluchistan. Journal of Social Sciences Review, 3(2), 629–639. https://doi.org/10.54183/jssr.v3i2.301