An Analysis of Qisas and Diyat Laws, Inadequately Encompassed the Islamic Gist as Fused in Judicial System of Pakistan

Authors

  • Johar Wajahat Assistant Professor, Department of Law, Shaheed Benazir Bhutto Women University, Peshawar, KP, Pakistan.
  • Hira Shahjehan Assistant Professor, Department of Law, Shaheed Benazir Bhutto Women University, Peshawar, KP, Pakistan.
  • Rafia Naz Ali Assistant Professor, Department of Shariah & Law, Islamia College University, Peshawar, KP, Pakistan.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.54183/jssr.v3i2.287

Keywords:

Qisas and Diyat, Aqilah, Islamic Injunctions, Pakistan Penal Code, 1860, National Commission on Status of Women, Social Evils

Abstract

The Qisas and Diyat is product of Islamic jurisprudence. The laws in Pakistan with distinct applicability of conceptual approach of Qisas and Diyat laws in trails are inadequately address the purposes of criminal justice along with consequences of vast judicial dircretion in Qisas and Diyat cases will not serving the purpose of administering justice. The Holy Quran hasn’t provided dictionary definition of justice, but it establishes conceptual approach to the principle of equilibrium, parity, righteous, proper assessing, veracity, individual capacity and progress and the accepted mandate. The key form of justice is the egalitarianism of human personalities being valued as Human beings, evidently indicated in the Holy injunctions of and even stressed in the last Holy Sermon of (PBUH).

The Qisas and Diyat is product of Islamic jurisprudence. The laws in Pakistan with distinct applicability of conceptual approach of Qisas and Diyat laws in trails are inadequately addressed the purposes of criminal justice along with consequences of vast judicial discretion in Qisas and Diyat cases will not serve the purpose of administering justice. The Holy Quran hasn’t provided a dictionary definition of justice, but it establishes a conceptual approach to the principle of equilibrium, parity, righteousness, proper assessing, veracity, individual capacity and progress and the accepted mandate. The key form of justice is the egalitarianism of human personalities being valued as Human beings, evidently indicated in the Holy injunctions of and even stressed in the last Holy Sermon of (PBUH). The Qisas and Diyat laws, as pooled in Pakistan Penal Code, 1860, have not been argued and debated adequately and hence contain imperfections, tend to bring imbalance and introduce crimes like violence against women, vani, swara etc. The aim of the analysis is to address the shortcomings and loopholes prevailing in the criminal justice system by advancing solutions and concept clarity related to the institution of aqilah.

 

Author Biographies

Johar Wajahat, Assistant Professor, Department of Law, Shaheed Benazir Bhutto Women University, Peshawar, KP, Pakistan.

 

 

 

Hira Shahjehan, Assistant Professor, Department of Law, Shaheed Benazir Bhutto Women University, Peshawar, KP, Pakistan.

 

 

Rafia Naz Ali, Assistant Professor, Department of Shariah & Law, Islamia College University, Peshawar, KP, Pakistan.

 

 

 

References

Al-Jaziri, A. R. (2002). Kitab-ul-Fiqh, 5, 757. https://archive.org/details/kitab-ul-fiqh-1/Kitab-ul-Fiqh%201/page/n35/mode/2up

Arabic-English dictionary of the modern literary language: Maan Z. Madina: 9780671786564: Amazon.com: Books. (n.d.). Amazon.com. Spend less. Smile more. https://www.amazon.com/Arabic-English-Dictionary-Modern-Literary-Language/dp/0671786563

Chapter XXVI of Pakistan Penal Code, 1860, retrieved from https://www.fmu.gov.pk/docs/laws/Pakistan%20Penal%20Code.pdf

Chapter XVI of PPC dealing with the Offences Affecting the Human body and life, retrieved from https://www.fmu.gov.pk/docs/laws/Pakistan%20Penal%20Code.pdf

Ali, A. Y. (2022). The holy Quran: Text, translation and commentary. DigiCat.

General Exceptions (Section 76-106), Chapter IV Pakistan Penal Code

Ghulam Ali vs The State (PLD 1986 SC 741)

Ghulam Farid v.The State, 1997, P.Cr.L.J.1411 (Lahore)

Pakistan penal code, 1860. (2018, July 10). Khalid Zafar & Associates. https://khalidzafar.com/laws-of-pakistan/pakistan-penal-code-1860/

Iqbal, M. (2009). Article 17 of Qanoon e Shahdat Ordinance, 1984, PLD publishers, p.18.

Munir, M. (1976). Article 8, 25 & 37, the Constitution of Pakistan, 1973. https://searchworks.stanford.edu/view/2363285

Munir, M. (1976), Article 227, the constitution of Pakistan, 1973. https://searchworks.stanford.edu/view/2363285

Nizami M. M. H. & Fazal-i-Haq C. (1969). The pakistan penal code (xlv of 1860) with commentary (7th ed.). All Pakistan Legal Decisions. https://www.worldcat.org/title/pakistan-penal-code-xlv-of-1860-with-commentary/oclc/63499876

Nizami M. M. H. & Fazal-i-Haq C. (1969). The pakistan penal code (xlv of 1860) with commentary (7th ed.). All Pakistan Legal Decisions.

Nizami M. M. H. & Fazal-i-Haq C. (1969). Section 321, PPC All Pakistan Legal Decisions.

Nizami M. M. H. & Fazal-i-Haq C. (1969). Section 299, PPC All Pakistan Legal Decisions.

Nizami M. M. H. & Fazal-i-Haq C. (1969). Section 300, PPC All Pakistan Legal Decisions.

Asad, M. (2020). Payment of Diyat in Pakistan: Exploring the Missing Islamic Spirit. Sir Syed Journal of Education & Social Research, 3(4), 418-43. https://doi.org/10.36902/sjesr-vol4-iss1-2021(418-423)

The Qur’an (Surah Al Maida). Verse 3.

The Qur’an (Surah Al Jathiyah) 45:22.

The Qur’an (Surah Al Baqrah) 2:179.

The Qur’an (Surah Al Baqrah) 2:17.

The Qur’an (Surah Al Isra) 17:33.

The Qur’an (Surah Al Maidah) 5:3.

The Qur’an (Surah Al Maidah) 5:45.

The Qur’an (Surah Al Maidah) 17:33

The Qur’an (Surah Al Nisa) 4:45.

The Qur’an (Surah Al Nisa) 4:75.

The Qur’an (Surah Al Nisa) 4:92.

The Qur’an (Surah Yusuf) 12:25.

Zahid, M. (2019). Justice system of Islam in the form of Qisas, Diyat and Harabah for the protection of human dignity. International Research Journal on Islamic Studies, 1, 1-15.

Sahih Bukhari 6879 - English & Urdu, ad-diyait (Blood money) Hadith. (n.d.). Hamariweb.com Islam. https://hamariweb.com/islam/hadith/sahih-bukhari-6879

Downloads

Published

2023-06-30

How to Cite

Wajahat, J. ., Shahjehan, H. ., & Ali, R. N. (2023). An Analysis of Qisas and Diyat Laws, Inadequately Encompassed the Islamic Gist as Fused in Judicial System of Pakistan. Journal of Social Sciences Review, 3(2), 532–537. https://doi.org/10.54183/jssr.v3i2.287